Monday, July 29, 2019

Definitions and Abreviations

After popular demand, here are common abbreviations and definitions I will add more :

504- A plan of accommodations for a child that does not qualify for an IEP .

ABA- Applied Behavior Analysis. This is the toxic dog training that parents are seeking so their child appears not autistic for the convenience of the parent. It is very toxic for the autistic. Causes PTSD

Ableism- the act of being discriminatory against anyone with a disability

ADHD- Attention Deficit Disorder

ASD- Autism Spectrum disorder. This is the medical definition. Autistics never use this acronym. This is just so you are aware

ASC- Autism Spectrum condition. How most autistics refer to their condition

Allistic- anyone who is not autistic

AT- art therapy

BCBA- ABA therapist ie child abuser

CBT- Cognative behavior therapy. A type of psychotherapy in which negative patterns of thought about the self and the world are challenged in order to alter unwanted behavior patterns or treat mood disorders such as depression.

Complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) is a trauma-related mental health condition that results from sustained abuse and powerlessness over time. CPTSD is related to but different from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Dyscalculia- a math learning disability. Kids may have trouble identifying smaller and larger.

Dyslexia - learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words (decoding)

Dyspraxia- developemental coordination disorder which is a condition affecting physical co-ordination that causes a child to perform less well than expected in daily activities for his or her age, and appear to move clumsily.

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a disease that weakens the connective tissues of your body. These are things like tendons and ligaments that hold parts of your body together. EDS can make your joints loose and your skin thin and easily bruised. It also can weaken blood vessels and organs

Excoriation disorder (also referred to as chronic skin-picking or dermatillomania) is a mental illness related to obsessive-compulsive disorder. It is characterized by repeated picking at one’s own skin which results in skin lesions and causes significant disruption in one’s life.  
Hippotherapy -horseback therapy (I highly recommend)

IEP- Individual Education Plan. 

LD- learning disability. Learning disability in the UK is Intellectual disability in the US. In the US learning disability is something like dyslexia, ADHD, etc.

Meltdown- when sensory stimuli become too much to bear and you lose control. It is a very scary thing. It cannot be helped, it is not a tantrum, it cannot be helped

MT- music therapy

Neurotypical- anyone without a neurological difference. Autistic, ADHD, dyslexic, etc.

OCD- Obsessive compulsive disorder. It is when there are certian situations that the person is fixated on and it must be perfect. My son and husband have this. My husband must have the house perfect and my son must have his school work perfect. It can be truely debilitating

OT- occupational therapy

Pathological Demand Avoidance (PDA) is a condition which is part of the autism spectrum, and is characterised by an overwhelming need to avoid or resist demands. This information sheet provides some behavioural strategies to support a person with PDA.

PT- Physical therapy

SLP- Speech Language Pathologist also known as Speech Therapists
 
Shutdown- when an autistic is overwhelmed, they completely shut down. Your brain cannot process any sensory stimuli. You do not see, hear or feel anything and they can be very scary.

Stimming- Self stimulating behavior. This is hand flapping, singing, looking at bright photos, touching textured objects, etc. It is used to counter act sensory processing.



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